Portfolio management is a process for prioritizing projects that will execute the company strategy while meeting 4 requirements:
1. Maintaining an appropriate level of portfolio risk
2. Maximizing the return on the investment in the portfolio
3. Providing an appropriate level of resources
4. Maintaining an appropriate balance of projects (e.g. project type, short-long term)
Strategy has to be defined before you start prioritizing or executing projects in the portfolio, otherwise how will you know if you are wasting resources on the wrong projects?
Think of strategy as 1) where you are going, 2) how you will get there, and 3) how you will know when you have arrived. It’s a goal, a set of initiatives and metrics. Strategy is what directs the decision-making in the portfolio management process; it dictates the level and types of risk the organization is willing to take, the return required, the types of resources to be leveraged or developed, and how resources will be allocated among the strategic initiatives.
Management, and the entire organization, have to be aligned on the direction of the organization in order to execute a successful portfolio management process, and indeed the entire product development system. All the elements of the product development system are critical and have to work together, but logically, strategy has to come first.
To paraphrase the old saying, “If you don’t know where you are going then any road will do.”
And that’s not a good thing.